tecnología

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WWWWorld Wide Web

HTMLHyper Text Markup Language  
 file extension.htm or .html
 save as:name.html or name.htm
 type:all files
 code:UTF-8, ANSI, Unicode

HTMLHTML 4HTML 5
<HTML><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"><!DOCTYPE HTML>
Simple HTML document
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Webpage's title</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    This is the webpage's body
  </body>
</html>
Simple HTML 5 document
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html lang="es">
  <head>
    <title>Webpage's title</title>
   <style>
       CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
  </style>
  <script>
        JavaScript
  </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    This is the webpage's body
  </body>
</html>

Deprecated Tags in HTML5

Tags (Elements)
<acronym>
<applet>
<basefont>
<big>
<center>
<dir>
<font>
<frame>
<frameset>
<isindex>
<noframes>
<s>
<strike>
<tt>
<u>

Deprecated Attributes

AttributesFrom the Elements
revlink, a
charset link and a
shapea
coordsa
longdescimg and iframe.
targetlink
nohrefarea
profilehead
versionhtml
nameimg
schememeta
archiveobject
classidobject
codebaseobject
codetypeobject
declareobject
standbyobject
valuetypeparam
typeparam
axistd and t
abbrtd and t
scopetd
aligncaption, iframe, img, input, object, legend,
table, hr, div, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, col,
colgroup, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead and tr.
alinkbody
linkbody
vlinkbody
textbody
backgroundbody
bgcolortable, tr, td, th and body.
bordertable and object.
cellpaddingtable
cellspacingtable
charcol, colgroup, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead and tr.
charoffcol, colgroup, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead and tr.
clearbr
compactdl, menu, ol and ul.
frametable
compactdl, menu, ol and ul.
frametable
frameborderiframe
hspaceimg and object.
vspaceimg and object.
marginheightiframe
marginwidthiframe
noshadehr
nowraptd and th
rulestable
scrollingiframe
sizehr
typeli, ol and ul.
valigncol, colgroup, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead and tr
widthhr, table, td, th, col, colgroup and pre.

lower lettersCAPITAL LETTERS
&aacute;á&Aacute;Á
&eacute;é&Eacute;É
&iacute;í&Iacute;Í
&oacute;ó&Oacute;Ó
&uacute;ú&Uacute;Ú
&ntilde;ñ&Ntilde;Ñ
&uuml;ü&Uuml;Ü
 
&gt;>&lt;<
&nbsp;space&amp;&
&quot;"&iexcl;¡
&iquest;¿
For spanish people

start tag and end tagname or meaning
<BODY></BODY>document body.
<BODY bgcolor="#0000ff"> background colour of the document
#ff0000 mean red, #00ff00 mean green, #0000ff mean blue
<BODY TEXT="red"> text colour of the document
<BODY background="image.jpg "> background image of the document
<P></P>paragraph. two lines break
<P align="left, right or center">
<DIV></DIV>division. one line break
<DIV align="left, right or center">
<BR>line break
<HR>horizontal rule. <HR WIDTH=" %">
<HR align= right size= 10 width=40%>
<CENTER></CENTER>centre your text...
<BIG></BIG>make bigger your text...
increase the size with a factor of one
<BIG><BIG></BIG></BIG>make double bigger your text...
<SMALL></SMALL>make smaller your text...
decrease the size with a factor of one
<SMALL><SMALL></SMALL></SMALL>make double smaller your text...
<H1>Heading 1.
H1(biggest size)...H6(smallest size)
<I></I>italic
you usually will see the same as <VAR> variable, <CITE> citation,
<EM>emphasis
<B></B>bold
you usually will see the same as <STRONG>
<U></U>underline
Do no use it.
the same as <INS> insert
<SUP></SUP>superscript. lifts text and makes it smaller
<SUB></SUB>subscript. lowers text and makes it smaller
<S></S>strikes a text
the same as <STRIKE>
you must use <DEL> deleted text
<FONT></FONT>font.
<FONT FACE="Arial, Times New Roman..."
SIZE="1(smallest font size)...7(biggest font size)" COLOR="#00FF00"></FONT>
<A HREF=""></A>anchor. link to a webpage
<A NAME="# "></A> anchor
<A HREF="#"></A> link to other part of the document
<A HREF="http:// or https or ftp or mailto or news or telnet"></A>
other attributes: TARGET="_blank, _self, _parent, _top, frame target"
<!-- -->comment
<PRE></PRE>preformatted text.
display the text exactly as typed in the HTML document
<TT></TT>like a typewriter (teletype text)
<ACRONYM></ACRONYM>acronym. <ACRONYM TITLE="full text">
the same as <ABBR TITLE="full text">. abbreviation * but this tag doesn't work in Explorer
<BDO></BDO><BDO DIR="rtl or ltr"> direction right to left or left to right
<MARQUEE></MARQUEE><MARQUEE DIRECTION="right or left"> shift text right o left
<BLOCKQUOTE>is a quotation in a written document, it is often distinguished visually using indentation
<EMBED>puts a browser plugin in the page
<EMBED SRC=" .mid .mp3 .wav .avi.." HEIGHT= WIDTH= >
HIDDEN
AUTOSTART
LOOP=FALSE TRUE 3 4
PLAYCOUNT=3 4 (LOOP for Netscape)
VOLUME=0 silent 100 loud as possible

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