Stress = Tensión o fuerza
Strain = deformación
Tension = tracción
Compression = compresión
Bending = Flexión
Shear = Cortadura o cizalladura
Torsion = torsión


column or pillar= columna o pilar
pier = pilar de un puente, muelle barcos
pilaster = pilastra
beam = viga
basement = sotano
wall = muro
supporting wall = muro de carga
ceiling = techo
roof = tejado
floor = suelo, piso
storey (story in AmE)= piso
foundations = cimientos
footing = zapata
slab = losa
pile = pilote
dome = cúpula
dam = presa
reservoir = embalse
skyscraper = rascacielos
tower = rascacielos, torre
ground = terreno
1st floor = primer piso, planta baja (AmE)
Ground floor = planta baja (BrE)
building = edificio
flat = piso (BrE), plano
apartment = piso (AmE)
lift = ascensor (BrE), subir
elevator = ascensor (AmE)
bedroom = dormitorio
kitchen = cocina
living room = sala de estar
dining room = comedor
mosque = mezquita
church = iglesia
chapel = capilla


Romanesque = Románico
Barrel vault = bóveda de cañón
Groin vault = bóveda de arista
buttress = contrafuerte


Gothic = gótico
Rib vault = bóveda de crucería
pointed arch = arco apuntado o ojival
flying buttress = arbotante
gargoyle = gárgola


wood = madera
stone = piedra
steel = acero
earth = tierra
soil = tierra cultivable
sand = arena
limestone = caliza
clay = arcilla
cement = cemento
mortar = mortero (cemento, arena y agua)
concrete = hormigón ( cemento, arena, grava y agua)
reinforced concrete = hormigón armado


bridge = puente
anchorage = anclaje
abutment = estribos de un puente (contrafuerte)
deck = tablero
truss = celosía
Beam bridge = puente de viga
Arch bridge = puente de arco
Cantilever bridge = puente cantilever o con vano en voladizo
Cable-Stayed bridge = puente de tirantes
Suspension bridge = puente colgante